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Ani was a major town until the 14th century, with up to 100,000 people living there. The Baghratid dynasty of Armenia established its capital in Ani in 961. Various armies fought over it. But what Byzantines, Seljuks, Mongols, Georgians, and many others failed to accomplish, nature did. The city was almost totally destroyed by a huge earthquake in 1319 and was never fully rebuilt. This is Ani in 2014.