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Ani changed hands several times during the 19th and 20th centuries. Once part of the Ottoman Empire, it was taken by the Russians during the 1877-1878 Russo-Ottoman war. In 1918, Turkey regained Ani as a result of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty that ended World War I for Bolshevik Russia. At present, the border checkpoints between Armenia and Turkey are closed. The Armenian side of the border is guarded by Russian soldiers. Photo taken in 2007.